FORM AN INVESTMENT CLUB LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY
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|OUR GOAL—YOUR Complete Satisfaction and UnderstandingOur goal is to provide each of our clients with as much information as possible about starting an Investment Club Limited Liability Company. As you will see as you review the following material, there is a lot of information to digest and consider. Many legal aspects may be complex and confusing. We want you to know we are available to speak with you about any legal aspects of the formation of your Investment Club Limited Liability Company at your convenience either over the telephone or in person at the Spiegel and Utrera, P.A., office nearest you.
WHAT'S AN INVESTMENT CLUB LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY?
Have you thought about making money but weren’t sure how to do it? The beauty of an Investment Club is that everyday people can combine their resources to make money in an effective, low cost way. An Investment Club is a group of people who pool their money to make investments. Each member actively participates in investment decisions. After the members study different investments, the group decides to buy or sell based on a majority vote of the members. Club meetings focus on investment education and each member actively participates in investment decisions.
What’s the best business entity for an Investment Club? Probably the Limited Liability Company. The Limited Liability Company (“LLC”) is a hybrid entity that is very flexible and, depending on how many owners (known as “Members”), should be deemed as a partnership (by default) for tax purposes if it has multiple Members, or as a corporation by election if it has only one member, while providing limited liability protection for all of its Members
For federal tax purposes, an LLC, like a partnership or sole proprietorship, is a pass-through entity; thus, its income and losses are taxed only at the member level. However, all members of an LLC, like the shareholders of an S corporation, have limited liability for the debts and claims against the LLC. No member will be burdened with the personal liability.
An Investment Club LLC can have as few as one Member to start with or as many as 100, but no more than 100 Members. The Members of the LLC become owners of the Company by putting capital (making a “Capital Contribution”) into the Company in exchange for Ownership Units. Ownership Units will entitle a Member to an allocation of profits and losses of the Company related to investments, but the Club itself has no profit and the Members are assessed operating expenses. Initially Ownership Units are $25.00 per Ownership Unit with a limit of 1 Ownership Unit per Member. For example, one founding Member may be issued an Ownership Unit and thus be the sole owner with a 100% Membership interest. Later, 3 additional Members may join the Investment Club LLC so that each has 1 Ownership Unit and each has a 25% Membership interest in the Investment Club LLC. If the Investment Club LLC expands to 100 Members, each would have a 1% Membership interest. Members may wish to deposit into their investment accounts initially upon formation or at a later date. Such contribution sums may be $0.00 up to an unlimited amount.
The Investment Club LLC is structured to admit Members, either individuals or business entities, who will act as day-to-day managers (“Managers”) in addition to capital-contributing members (“Members”), but active participation in investment proposals and decisions is required so that the Units are not deemed securities for U.S. Government purposes. Committees of members can research and propose specific investments such as stock, bonds, art, real estate, gold coins, or any other investment vehicle approved by the Members. You are in control of your investment destiny!
Initially an Investment Club LLC may need a cash infusion for operational expenses. Additionally, the Investment Club LLC may require a continuing advance of funds for some time. How can the Investment Club LLC get the money? After the initial purchase of its Units, Members of the Investment Club LLC may loan money to the Investment Club LLC. Lending money to the Investment Club LLC is the preferred method to advance money, because the lender is seen as a creditor of the Investment Club LLC. This is accomplished with a Lender's Agreement and a Promissory Note.
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