FORM A LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY
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|OUR GOAL—YOUR Complete Satisfaction and UnderstandingOur goal is to provide each of our clients with as much information as possible about starting a Limited Liability Company. As you will see as you review the following material, there is a lot of information to digest and consider. Many legal aspects may be complex and confusing. We want you to know we are available to speak with you about any legal aspects of the formation of your Limited Liability Company at your convenience either over the telephone or in person at the Spiegel and Utrera, P.A., office nearest you. |
WHAT’S A LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY?
The Limited Liability Company (“LLC”) is a hybrid entity that is very flexible and, depending on how many owners (known as “Members”) and what such Members elect to do, may be taxed as a partnership or corporation, if it has multiple Members, or as a sole proprietorship, if it has only one member, while providing limited liability protection for all of its Members. For federal tax purposes, an LLC, like a partnership or sole proprietorship, is a pass-through entity; thus, its income and losses are taxed only at the member level. However, all members of an LLC, like the shareholders of an S corporation, have limited liability for the debts and claims against the LLC. No member will be burdened with the personal liability.
The main advantage of the LLC is that it is not burdened with the ownership restrictions imposed on a small business corporation (also known as a Sub Chapter S Corporation
). An LLC may have more than 100 Members or as few as one. Its interests may be held by corporations, partnerships, Non Resident Aliens, trusts, pension plans and charitable organizations; the LLC may make special allocations, thereby avoiding the single class of stock requirement applicable to an S corporation; and it may own more than 80% of the stock of a corporation and, therefore, may be a member of an affiliated group.
The Members of the LLC become owners of the Company by putting capital (making a “Capital Contribution”) into the Company in exchange for a Membership Interest, which is expressed as a percentage. Typically, the allocation of profits and losses are proportionate to the Membership Interest. The Capital Contribution can be money, real estate, equipment, future service (“sweat equity”) etc., and if it is something other than money, it should be assigned a value agreed upon by the Members. For example, Bill and Mike want to set up a company to operate a retail athletic goods store. Bill puts in $51,000 and Mike will work 60 hours next year managing the store and his sweat equity will have an agreed upon value of $49,000
The LLC is operated by Managers that handle the day-to-day activities of the LLC. The Managers may be all of the Members, some of the Members, or it may even be managed by a person or entity that has no ownership interest in the company. Since such a non-Member Manager will not share in the profits and losses, perhaps they will be paid a salary or commission as agreed upon in a Management Agreement
For tax purposes, an LLC taxed as a partnership or sole proprietorship may have advantages over a Subchapter S Corporation with respect to the amount of deductible losses. The amount of a Subchapter S Corporation shareholder's deductible losses is limited to the sum of the shareholder's basis in his stock and any loans from the shareholder to the corporation. In contrast, a partner can deduct losses in an amount up to the sum of the basis in the partnership interest, the allocable share of partnership income, and his allocable share of qualifying partnership debt.
How the taxes work is simple. For example, each of 10 individuals contribute $100,000 to a newly formed entity to acquire an office building. The entity borrows from a bank an additional $5,000,000 as the balance of the building's $6,000,000 purchase price. If the entity is taxed as a Subchapter S Corporation, each shareholder's loss deductions are limited to $100,000. However, if the entity is an LLC taxed as a partnership, each member can deduct losses up to $600,000 ($100,000 basis plus $500,000 share of the entity's debt). These losses may then be used by the individuals to offset other income they may have from other sources.
FORM YOUR LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY ONLINE NOW!
Each Corporation or Limited Liability Company is COMPLETE and
INCLUDES State Filing Fees, "YES! Includes State Filing Fee", andYes, even INCLUDES Attorney's Fee (No Hidden Attorney Fees).
INCLUDES Corporate or Company Seal and Book, and
INCLUDES Certificate or Articles of Incorporation or Organization, and
INCLUDES Company or Corporate Minutes, and
INCLUDES Corporate By Laws or LLC Regulations, and
INCLUDES Corporate or LLC Ownership Register, and
INCLUDES Banking Resolution, and
INCLUDES Membership or Stock Certificate, and
INCLUDES Preliminary Name Search, and
INCLUDES 110% Lowest Price Guarantee, and
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Information and Services for the success of your business from Spiegel and Utrera, P.A.:
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